Michigan Backyard Paradise



ohio spiderwort plant

Ohio Spiderwort Tradescantia ohiensis

This is a native perenial plant that grows 2-4' tall, in preferably sandy or well draining soil and blooms early spring and dyeing back by mid-summner.



orange hawkweed

Orange Hawkweed Hieracium Aurantiacum

This perennial weed, which is native to Europe, is considered a pest. It spreads very quickly and blooms from June to September after which it will go to seed like a dandelion and then spreading by wind. It grows from 8 to 24 inches tall and will form a rosette of flowers on an unbranched stem.

An orange hawkweed plant can branch out 4-8 stolons, which can become new plants. It is this way in which it crowds out the more desirable plants. In addition, it produces a phytotoxic chemical that inhibits the regeneration of other plants. Animals do not like the taste of it. This flower is mainly found on the edges of forest and disturbed areas.



Oswego Tea or Beebaum

Oswego Tea Monarda Didyma

Oswego Tea or Beebaum is native to Michigan and the eastern part of the United States. The Oswego Indians used this plant for brewing tea, which gives it its common name. Later on the settlers of this country used it as a tea also when they could not get imported tea.

The Native Americans found many other uses for this plant and others like it in it genus, Monarda, besides tea. It was also used to treat fever, heart disease, increase urine flow, stanching blood, as an appetite stimulant and as a menstrual regulator. Herbalists have employed the use of Oswego tea for nausea, vomiting and upset stomach. Oswego tea contains the aromatic antiseptic thymol, which is widely used by dentists and modern medical practitioners. Brewed and ingested, the tea treats flatulence and insomnia.

The “Monarda” part of its scientific name was in honor of Spanish botanist, Nicolas Bautisa Monardes (1493-1588). He never set foot in the Americas. At that time he did much of his work, Spain controlled navigation and commerce from the New World.



Oxeye Daisy

Oxeye Daisy Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum

Native to Europe and Asia, it is a pervasive weed here in Michigan, often pushing out native populations. It spreads by rhizome and is difficult to eradicate because new plants get formed very easily from a small piece of root.



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